Metabolic syndrome is a term used to describe a group of risk factors that collectively increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
What causes metabolic syndrome?
Insulin is a hormone produced by the body that helps regulate metabolism of fats and sugars and is at the root of metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance occurs when your cells no longer use insulin efficiently. The source of the problem has been attributed to large abdominal circumference and to a lesser degree, genetics.
If you have 3 or more of the following risks, you likely have Metabolic Syndrome:
Insulin resistance can cause:
- High glucose (Type 2 diabetes)
- High cholesterol (small, dense, LDL particles and high triglycerides)
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver
Photo: The Development of Insulin Resistance
What can you do?
Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC) can defend against poor health outcomes. Decreasing body weight by only 5-7% and increasing physical activity to 150 minutes each week can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.